7.turn off / turn on / turn down / turn away
turn off (把...)关掉;完成;解雇;转向
turn on 打开(水、收音机、灯、煤气等);(使)感兴趣;
turn down 减少，关小;拒绝;驳回;顶回去
turn away 转过脸去;拒绝(某人)进入;辞退
【例】We are talking business here. Would you please ________ your radio ________ a bit?
8.consist of / contract with / contribute / composed of
contract with 与...订立(某种协议或合同)，与...建立(某种关系)
composed of 由...组成(主语为部分事物，宾语为事物整体)
【例】A class is said rather vaguely to _________ group of persons sharing similar occupations and incomes and as a consequence similar life-style and beliefs.
A. consist of
B. contrast with
D. composed of
9.get through / get by / give in / give up
get through 完成;读完;穿过;用完
get by 通过;设法;继续存在;过得去;尚可
give in 屈服;投降;让步;交
give up 放弃;投降;把...让给;戒除
【例】Though faced with many difficulties, he would not ________ online learning.
A. give up
B. get through
C. get by
D. give in